How to study for the Regents

For all those taking the regents tomorrow or the next, (or any time!) here are some easy, helpful study tips that will help you ace your regents.

1. Find yourself  a clear, concise, engaging Regents review. You’ll love the Regents Boosters Living Environment app!

2. Find yourself a comfortable, quiet place to study for the regents.

study for the regents

studying for the regents

 

3. Take 10 minute breaks as needed. During each break, take a drink and do 10 jumping jacks. This will help you think better.

4. Make sure you understand each reference table. If you don’t already own a reference table, you can download and print one here. Get to know Reffy (the reference table) well. He’s a good friend. He’ll give you many answers on your regents!

5. Practice regents questions. The more questions you practice, the more you’ll be familiar with the style, the more answers you’ll know on the regents. Also, here’s a secret you may not know. The regents often repeats similar questions from previous regents. You can find previous regents here.

6. Make yourself  mini goals. Reward yourself after you finish each unit. (Yes, bring on the chocolate and coke! You deserve it!)

7. If you ever get overwhelmed while you study for the regents (na, that never happens :), stop and breathe deeply. To learn how to deep breathe, watch this youtube. Tell yourself, I will study well, try my best, and do well on my regents. By feeding yourself positive messages, you can actually score higher on your regents than if you’re constantly convincing yourself you’ll fail.

 

Good luck! We’re sure you’ll do great!

Love,

Mr. Boosters

Mr. Boosters

Posted in Chemistry, Chemistry, Earth Science, Global, Living Environment, Studying Tips

Study Distraction: Do Calories Increase with Surface Area?

We all know what happens when we’re studying hard, we eat! Eating gives us strength to keep on going or it just distracts us from overusing our brains. Now after that fourth bag of candy, you start wondering…is there more sugar in a sugar cube or in a pile of sugar?

Actually maybe you’ll only have this question if you’re studying for the NYS Chemistry Regents.

Because, as you may know by now, there are five factors that affect the Rate of Reaction: Nature of the reactions, Surface area, Temperature, Concentration and Catalyst. The one we’re going to talk about today is…How the Surface Area Affects the Rate of Reaction:

Chemistry - 5

So we see that a pile of sugar has more surface area because there is a larger exposed area. Therefore, more surface area causes an increased rate of reaction. This means that regardless of what shape the sugar is in, you’ll be gaining the same amount of calories (check the accuracy of this with your nutritionist) but the way it gets broken down in your body can change! A decrease in surface area will cause a decrease in the rate of reaction.

Now let’s practice a Sample NYS Regents Question:

Fe(s) + 2HCl(aq) –> FeCl2(aq) + H2(g)

Chemistry - 6

The question is, what causes this reaction to occur more quickly when powdered iron is used instead of a single piece of iron of the same mass?

Chemistry - 7

 

Answer: The same way powdered sugar has more surface area, so does powdered iron. Because powder has more surface area than a single piece.

The difference is, I don’t think you’ll ever ever eat powdered iron while studying!

- Happy Studying!!

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Posted in Chemistry, Studying Tips

Listen to the Radio(isotopes)…

Here are four important Regents Boosters Chemistry flashcards for an important and complicated Nuclear Chemistry topic – radioisotopes and their half-life and decay mode.

These cards discuss the NYS Regents reference table (Table N) and a real Regents question:

Chemistry - 1

Chemistry - 2

Chemistry - 3

Chemistry - 4

 

Happy Studying!

Let us know if you have questions in the comments below and we’ll answer, as soon as possible!

 

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Posted in Chemistry, Studying Tips

See how far your KARma goes…

Did you start studying for the Global History Regent (you’ve only got about 2 weeks until 6/17!!)? Here’s important information for a BIG topic: Religions of Early Civilizations

This topic is a common essay on the Regents and can also be in the multiple choice questions. Try to focus on studying the important ideas and the effects they’ve had on society, politics and/or the economy of a specific region or nation.

We’re focusing on two important religions that were founded in India: Hinduism, Buddhism

The basis of these religions were ANIMISM which means everything in nature has a spirit. They believed that the spirits of the ancestors could affect their lives. Therefore, people offered prayers, food, and other things to the ancestors’ spirits.

Proof that they believed in this: Historians and archaeologists discovered paintings on walls and caves showed that they had these beliefs.

OK, let’s focus on HINDUISM first:

This was developed by the Aryans and has changed over thousands of years.

These are some of the beliefs of Hindusim (which Buddhism adopted, as well):

1. Reincarnation – This means when a person dies, his soul is reborn into another living thing

2. Karma –  This means that however a person acted in his lifetime will determine the level he’ll be reborn into his next life. (If he was good, he’ll be reborn in a higher caste and vice versa.)

We know everyone loves a good hint, so here goes: Karma – think: CAR – A persons’s KARma will take them as far in their next lifetime based on how good they were or how much “gas” they put into their “car.”

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3. Dharma – This represents the moral and religious duties expected of a person

4. Sacred Texts -  Hindu teachings were recorded in the VEDAS and UPANISHADS

Now that we laid down the basics of the religion, let’s review the Hinduism Caste System. This determines the social classes of the religion.

The caste system is the social group a person is born into, and he cannot move out of.

Another good hint: Caste – think: CAST – Just like a person in a cast cannot move, so too a person in the caste system cannot move out of the level he was born in, in his lifetime. However, if the next lifetime, if a person has a good karma, he will be reborn into a higher caste in his next life.

People from different levels of the social hierarchy did not interact with each other. The “untouchables” were the lowest class in society. People from higher levels didn’t have anything to do with the “untouchables” and they had the lowest jobs in life (for example: sweeping the streets).

Here is an overview of the Hinduism Social Hierarchy (caste system):

Global - Hinduism - CS

OK, we’re done with Hinduism. That was a big one! It’s a lot of information but overall you need to focus on understanding what they believed and their social system.

And now onto the next one that we’re talking about today: BUDDHISM

This religion was established by Guatama. Guatama searched for the meaning of suffering in life and suggested that all suffering comes as a result of giving into desires. He created Buddhism based on this belief and based on many of the core beliefs of Hinduisim (see the venn diagram below).

He was called the “BUDDHA” which means “enlightened one.”

These are the main beliefs of Buddhism, called “The 4 Noble Truths”:

1. All of life is suffering
2. Suffering is caused by desires
3. To get rid of suffering, one must get rid of desiress
4. The path to removing desires is by following the “EIGHTFOLD PATH”:

So now you may ask (if you’ve still got energy to study ;)) what is the Eightfold Path?

The Eightfold Path is a path of righteous views, conduct, effort, and meditation. The journey of Buddhism is to reach NIRVANA  - the ultimate goal, which is a state of perfection in life.

That one was a little easier, right? The main focus is on why Guatama founded this religion and what the beliefs are.

Now, let’s compare these two religions: Buddhism vs. Hinduism

Here’s an easy-to-read venn diagram. Each circle represents the separate ideas of each religion, and the center shows what they have in common:
Global - Hinduism, Buddhism

 

You can learn even more important Global History Regents information by getting the full set of Regents Boosters cards here.

And don’t forget to tell your friends about our amazing Regents Boosters Living Environment App.

Happy Studying!

- Mr. Boosters :)

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Posted in Global, Studying Tips

Let’s Put a Twist on DNA

Double Helix Ladder

Our DNA is our body’s genetic code. It tells our bodies how each part of the body should be made.

DNA is passed along from parents to children and are the elements that make each person unique. Once the body receives the DNA, it is replicated into each cell’s chromosomes and genes. All three: DNA, chromosomes, and genes are found in the nucleus of each cell in the body.

Here are 3 quick facts about the structure of the DNA:

-          It looks like a twisted ladder called a Double Helix Ladder

-          The Double Helix model contains 6 Nucleotides (3 on the right side, 3 on the left side)

-          Each structure has 4 subunit parts: (A) Adenine (T) Thymine (G) Guanine (C) Cytosine

So how does DNA affect how we look?

DNA tells the body which proteins or enzymes to make. Every protein/enzyme in the body has a specific shape. The shape of the protein/enzyme determines how the parts of the body look and work.

Ex: Everyone has different noses, body shapes, hair color, and brain processes because each person’s DNA is different.

Hint: DNA’s – Different Noses And Shapes

The reason children often have similar features to their parents is because they have similar (but not exactly the same) DNA as their parents.

How does each DNA come out different?

-          The order depends on the sequence of how the subunits (A, T, G, C) line up – ex: CTGACA is one sequence possibility (Fun Fact: There are billions of possibilities!)

-          The order tells the body how to build each part of the body (skin, hair, blood, organs, enzymes etc.)

Can mutations happen during DNA Replication?

Yes, there can be mutations or problems during replication (process of passing DNA to all the cells).

Some mutations can give an organism an advantage (during natural selection) but many times a mutation can be a disadvantage because the rest of the species has a certain DNA.

-          Mutations in the DNA of gametes can be passed down to kids.

-          Mutations in the DNA of body cells can NOT be passed down.

 

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Posted in Living Environment, Studying Tips